The events of Caster Semenya’s gender verification spiralled into an international debate about intersex* conditions and gender. The IAAF (International Amateur Athletic Federation and International Association of Athletics Federations, now known as World Athletics) and the International Olympics Committee (IOC) reviewed its regulations and policies, particularly the sections on routine gender verifications for all female athletes. The IAAF passed a new policy on gender verification, making the tests more specific to suspected cases of ‘hyperandrogenism’ in elite female athletes.

The media spectacle created by Caster Semenya’s gender verification sparked more discussion and led to greater awareness and visibility of intersex and gender non-conformity issues all over the world. This debate and the increasing global awareness of gender and sex variance is still ongoing.