Timeline of Events

History affecting and influencing the trans and intersex
movement in Africa

This timeline of the history of the trans and intersex movement in Africa emerged through the grassroots experiences and memories of the contributing African activists and organisations. It is often updated with new stories and the timeline is continually growing.

How to navigate the timeline

Categories are displayed alphabetically at the top of the timeline and can be used to filter the results to focus on the research theme chosen.

  • COMMUNITY – A person’s contribution, experience or accomplishment
  • DIASPORA – Experience or accomplishment from a trans or intersex person originally from Africa
  • INTERSEX – The entry only relates to the intersex movement or community
  • LGBTIQ – An event that also had an effect or influence on the trans and intersex movement
  • ORGANISATION – Contributions from African Organisations
  • TIME LINE STORIES – All the entries from all the categories
  • TRANS – The entry only relates to the trans movement or community

Gender categories have flag icons and colour groups to visually distinguish them from one another:

  • All
  • Community
  • Diaspora
  • Intersex
  • Legislation
  • LGBTIQ
  • Organisation
  • Trans
  • Trans & Intersex
  • Uncatogorised
  • 2008

    Matrix Support Group (MSG) Established, Lesotho

    The Matrix Support Group (MSG), also known as the People‚Äôs Matrix Association, was established. Although the NGO caters to the whole LGBTIQ+ community throughout Lesotho, they have a strong trans presence. Their founder and Executive Director, Tampose Mothopeng, is a trans man. They run a number of trans-specific programmes and research projects, such as the …

    Matrix Support Group (MSG) Established, Lesotho Read More »

  • February 2008

    ‚ÄúUnderstanding Transgender‚ÄĚ Presentation to Coalition of African Lesbians at Feminist Institute, Mozambique

    The Coalition of African Lesbians (CAL) Feminist Institute in Maputo, Mozambique invited Gender DynamiX (GDX) to do a presentation on ‚ÄúUnderstanding Transgender‚ÄĚ.¬† This request was a result of the raised interest in trans understanding in Africa after the ARC International conference just two months prior. GDX decided to diversify the newly established trans representation in …

    ‚ÄúUnderstanding Transgender‚ÄĚ Presentation to Coalition of African Lesbians at Feminist Institute, Mozambique Read More »

  • February 2008

    Formation of Rainbow Identity Association (RIA), Botswana

    Skipper Mogapi and a handful of self-identified trans and intersex persons formed a support group in Botswana that would later be known as the Rainbow Identity Association (RIA). The founding of RIA was a result of the influence of the awareness raised at the ARC International conference in Johannesburg in December 2007 and the meeting …

    Formation of Rainbow Identity Association (RIA), Botswana Read More »

  • 17 April 2008

    Global Dialogue on Transgender Rights

    The African Regional Sexuality Resource Centre (ARSRC) invited Liesl Theron, as director of Gender DynamiX (GDX), to be their guest during the ‚ÄúBeginning of a Global Dialogue on Transgender Rights‚ÄĚ discussion. The meeting took place in New York and was hosted by the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force. The paper Liesl presented at the …

    Global Dialogue on Transgender Rights Read More »

  • 2 June 2008

    The Murder of Drag Queen Daisy Dube, South Africa

    Daisy Dube and four friends, all of whom self-identified as drag queens, went out clubbing in the evening in Yeoville, Johannesburg. Men outside the club called them izitabane,* referring to their gender identity. In resistance, Daisy and her friends shouted back, asking them to stop insulting them by calling them izitabane. The men then started …

    The Murder of Drag Queen Daisy Dube, South Africa Read More »

  • August 2008

    First Trans and Intersex African Presentations at the Gender Odyssey Conference and University of Washington

    Gender Dynamix (GDX)‚Äôs Tebogo Nkoana and Liesl Theron submitted abstracts to present at the Gender Odyssey Conference. The proposals were accepted and Liesl, who was already in previous contact with the University of Washington Associate Professor, Amanda Lock Swarr, reached out to explore the possibility of presenting at the University while they were in Washington, …

    First Trans and Intersex African Presentations at the Gender Odyssey Conference and University of Washington Read More »

  • 14 September 2008

    Trans Bantu Zambia (TBZ) Founded, Zambia

    Trans Bantu Zambia (TBZ), was formed on 14 September 2008 to bring about an end to discrimination against the trans community in Zambia.

  • September 2008

    Gay and Lesbian Film Festival Sues the South African Film and Publications Board, South Africa 

    The South African Film and Publications Board banned the intersex film XXY* on the grounds that they believed the film portrays child pornography. The Spanish film with English subtitles was produced by an Argentine filmmaker and tells the story of a teenager (15 years of age). The Out in Africa (OIA) Gay and Lesbian Film …

    Gay and Lesbian Film Festival Sues the South African Film and Publications Board, South Africa¬† Read More »

  • 22 November 2008

    Court Rules in Favour of Victor Mukasa, Uganda

    After a trial of three years, the Ugandan High Court ruled in Victor Mukasa‚Äôs favour. In this landmark ruling, the Court declared that the Government of Uganda had indeed violated the rights of privacy of the members of the organisation, Sexual Minorities of Uganda (SMUG), when the home of Victor Mukasa was unlawfully raided in …

    Court Rules in Favour of Victor Mukasa, Uganda Read More »

  • December 2008

    Transgender Education & Advocacy (TEA) Established, Kenya

    Transgender Education & Advocacy (TEA) was established by Audrey Mbugua, working to defend the human rights of trans persons in Kenya.

  • December 2008

    Eastern and Southern African Trans/Gender Identity Institute, South Africa

    The International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC), today known as OutRight International, and Gender DynamiX (GDX) hosted the historical Eastern and Southern African Trans/Gender Identity Institute in December 2008. 16 Trans and intersex activists from 9 African countries attended the meeting in Cape Town, South Africa. This was the first ever trans and …

    Eastern and Southern African Trans/Gender Identity Institute, South Africa Read More »

  • December 2008

    Proudly African & Transgender, South Africa

    During the Gender Identity workshop hosted in Cape Town,¬† Gabrielle Le Roux collaborated with Victor Mukasa and the other individual activists by drawing portraits of ten sub-Saharan African trans and intersex activists. Each person wrote a personal activism message on their own portrait. This activism-art work, titled Proudly African & Transgender, later travelled the world …

    Proudly African & Transgender, South Africa Read More »

  • 17 May 2009

     The Humiliation and Death of Auntie Victoria, Tanzania

    The death and humiliation of Aunty Victoria, Tanzania Auntie Victoria was reportedly the first openly identified trans woman in Tanzania. She received gender-affirming surgery in Europe many years ago (surgery dates undocumented). When she returned to Tanzania, her home country, she owned a tavern, and generated her own income. She was constantly ridiculed about being …

    ¬†The Humiliation and Death of Auntie Victoria, Tanzania Read More »

  • July 2009

    Launch of Eastern and Southern African Trans and Intersex Regional Exchange Programme

    South Africa‚Äôs Gender DynamiX (GDX) and a partner organisation in East Africa* formed a partnership to host an Eastern and Southern African Trans and Intersex Regional Exchange Programme, which would commence in May 2010. The Programme would bring together 16 activists from Botswana, Burundi, Namibia, Kenya, South Africa, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe for this learning …

    Launch of Eastern and Southern African Trans and Intersex Regional Exchange Programme Read More »

  • August 2009

    Court Rules in Favour of Gay and Lesbian Film Festival, South Africa

    The Out in Africa (OIA) Gay and Lesbian Film Festival won its case against the South African Film and Publications Board to unban the film XXY in August 2009. At the end of February of that same year, OIA argued in court against the initial decision to ban the film was based on discrimination, because …

    Court Rules in Favour of Gay and Lesbian Film Festival, South Africa Read More »

  • August 2009

    Caster Semenya subjected to gender verification tests, South Africa

    South African track athlete, Caster Semenya, was subjected to gender verification tests after the World Athletics Championships in August 2009 in Berlin, where she improved on her 800m and 1500m records achieved at the 2008 World Junior Championships. The International Amateur Athletic Federation and International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF), now known as World Athletics, …

    Caster Semenya subjected to gender verification tests, South Africa Read More »

  • August 2009

    Trans and intersex rights groups respond to public debate about Caster Semenya, South Africa

    Intersex South Africa (ISSA)‚Äôs Sally Gross, U.S. academic Amanda Lock Swarr, and Gender DynamiX (GDX)‚Äôs Liesl Theron co-authored a critical think piece that was published in the Fall edition of the Feminist Studies Journal. The piece, ‚ÄúSouth African Intersex Activism: Caster Semenya‚Äôs Impact and Import‚ÄĚ, looks at the public responses from ISSA and GDX to …

    Trans and intersex rights groups respond to public debate about Caster Semenya, South Africa Read More »

  • 14 October 2009

    Anti-Homosexuality Bill draft introduced to parliament, Uganda

    On 14 October 2009 the Anti-Homosexuality Bill was introduced to parliament in Uganda, sparking international outrage and condemnation. The bill sought to further criminalize homosexuality in the country, imposing life imprisonment for those found guilty of engaging in homosexual acts, as well as imposing harsh penalties for those who failed to report known homosexuals to …

    Anti-Homosexuality Bill draft introduced to parliament, Uganda Read More »

  • 20 November 2009

    Launch of Trans: Transgender Life Stories from South Africa, South Africa

    The Gay and Lesbian Archives (GALA) and Gender DynamiX (GDX) launched the book, Trans: Transgender Life Stories from South Africa, the first book of its kind on the continent. The book was launched on 20 November 2009. The specific date was selected as it is the International Transgender Day of Remembrance (TDoR). The book launch …

    Launch of Trans: Transgender Life Stories from South Africa, South Africa Read More »

  • December 2009

    Arrest of Auntie Tiwonge and Steven Monjeza, Malawi

    Auntie Tiwonge and Steven Monjeza celebrated their relationship at Auntie‚Äôs place of work in December 2009. Various mainstream media in Malawi published announcements of the ‚Äúfirst gay marriage‚ÄĚ in Malawi. This media attention alerted the authorities and Auntie and Steven were arrested on charges of gross indecency. Gender DynamiX (GDX) developed a media drive that …

    Arrest of Auntie Tiwonge and Steven Monjeza, Malawi Read More »

2008February 2008February 200817 April 20082 June 2008August 200814 September 2008September 200822 November 2008December 2008December 2008December 200817 May 2009July 2009August 2009August 2009August 200914 October 200920 November 2009December 2009

You can include information about your African Organisation

There are many African organisations and individuals who over the years have contributed in invaluable ways to the story of the Trans and Intersex Movement who is not yet included in our timeline.

We want to acknowledge and include all verifiable contributions.  

You can self-list your organisation by filling in your details: