Timeline of Events

History affecting and influencing the trans and intersex
movement in Africa

This timeline of the history of the trans and intersex movement in Africa emerged through the grassroots experiences and memories of the contributing African activists and organisations. It is often updated with new stories and the timeline is continually growing.

How to navigate the timeline

Categories are displayed alphabetically at the top of the timeline and can be used to filter the results to focus on the research theme chosen.

  • COMMUNITY – A person’s contribution, experience or accomplishment
  • DIASPORA – Experience or accomplishment from a trans or intersex person originally from Africa
  • INTERSEX – The entry only relates to the intersex movement or community
  • LGBTIQ – An event that also had an effect or influence on the trans and intersex movement
  • ORGANISATION – Contributions from African Organisations
  • TIME LINE STORIES – All the entries from all the categories
  • TRANS – The entry only relates to the trans movement or community

Gender categories have flag icons and colour groups to visually distinguish them from one another:

  • All
  • Community
  • Diaspora
  • Intersex
  • Legislation
  • Organisation
  • Trans
  • Trans & Intersex
  • Uncatogorised
  • December 2011

    Establishment of Ushirikiano Panda, Kenya

    Ushirikiano Panda was established in Kenya by Guillit, a trans man and Sidney, an intersex person, in December 2011.  It was intended as a project and support group for intersex and transgender individuals in Nairobi. It was made up of mostly male-identifying members.

  • 2012

    Founding of Iranti, South Africa

    Iranti was founded by Jabulani Chen Perreira in 2012. Jabulani, the organisation’s leadership, and the entire team is composed of trans, lesbian, and intersex persons. Iranti is an African regional organisation that involves media and documentation in its advocacy. Intersex Society South Africa (ISSA), founded and run by Sally Gross until her passing, underwent a …

    Founding of Iranti, South Africa Read More »

  • 27 May 2012

     Ushirikiano Panda Changes its Name to Jinsiangu,  Kenya

    Ushirikiano Panda, formed in December 2011, officially changed its name to Jinsiangu on 27 May 2012. The name Jinsiangu, comes from the two Swahili words, ‘jinsia’ and ‘yangu’, meaning ‘my gender’. Jinsiangu was established with the hopes of turning into a fully-fledged community-based organisation.  

  • 6 June 2012

    Trans Woman Files Constitutional Petition, Kenya

    Batha Nthungi, a trans woman, filed a constitutional petition (240 of 2012) against Kenya’s Attorney General for violation of her human rights on 6 June 2012. She had been arrested in 2011 and stripped by a police officer after it was discovered that she was transgender.

  • June 2012

    Murder of Trans Person, Thalepo Makhutle, South Africa

    Thalepo Mkhutle, a 23-year-old person from Kuruman in the Northern Cape province, who identified as gay and transgender, was callously murdered in June 2012. Mahkutle was a volunteer at a local Gay and Lesbian organisation, the Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Organisation (LEGBO) in the Northern Cape, and also participated as a drag queen, Queen Bling, …

    Murder of Trans Person, Thalepo Makhutle, South Africa Read More »

  • 1 August 2012

    August 2012 – Formal Registration Of Trans Bantu Zambia (TBZ), Zambia

    on 14 September 2008, Trans Bantu Zambia (TBZ) came into existence. It officially became a registered entity in August 2012. However, they stick to celebrating their birthday each year on the 14th of September. TBZ was officially recognized as a company limited by guarantee by the Patents and Companies Registration Agency (PACRA). To kick things off, they had some support from the Transitioning Africa (TA) project. Their first strategic plan was supported by the Transitioning Africa (TA) project, of which TBZ was one of the small number of Trans organisations that were recipients of the TA sub-granting initiative. In their early days, TBZ used an info brochure to spread awareness and advocate for their cause. Their vision was crystal clear - they aimed for a fair world where everyone's rights were respected. They wanted equality and fairness to be the norm, with justice accessible and enjoyed by everyone, including Transgender and Intersex individuals.

  • 31 August 2012

    Transitioning Africa (TA) Calls for Coordinator

    On 31 August 2012, Transitioning Africa (TA), the coalition between South Africa’s Gender DynamiX (GDX)  and Transgender and Intersex Africa (TIA), and a partner organisation in East Africa released a call for a coordinator, as the three respective organisations agreed that it was time to dedicate more energy to the coalition.

  • September 2012
    Transitioning Africa meets with Cloe Swenke

    Transitioning Africa (TA) Meets with the USAID Africa Bureau

    The three directors of the Transitioning Africa (TA) coalition met in Nairobi with Dr Chloe Schwenke from the USAID Africa Bureau. The purpose of the meeting was to discuss support from the U.S. Agency that would culminate in an African Blueprint for the Provision of Comprehensive Care for Trans Persons, similar to the Blueprint in Latin America and the Caribbean. Following the meeting, TA sent a letter to the USAID (U.S. Agency for International Development), with a proposal to form a partnership with the World Health Organization (WHO). TA suggested that this proposed partnership would collectively work on developing a model appropriate to African realities, creating a Blueprint for Transgender and Intersex Health Care for sub-Saharan Africa.

  • October 2012

    Lex Kirsten Receives Social Justice Philanthropy Award, South Africa

    Lex Kirsten, the co-founder of Gender DynamiX (GDX), received the Inyathelo Philanthropy Award in the  Social Justice and Human Rights category for promoting the rights of transgender people in South Africa and across the continent.

  • 13 November 2012

    Appeal to Parliament Regarding Failure of Implementation of the Alteration of Sex Description and Sex Status Act, South Africa

    Gender DynamiX (GDX) and a cohort of other trans organisations lodged an appeal to the South African Parliament on 13 November 2012 with regard to the ongoing failure to implement the Alteration of Sex Description and Sex Status Act, Act 49 of 2003.

  • 24 November 2012

    First Trans and Intersex Annual Pride in Africa, Botswana

    The first Trans and Intersex Annual Pride on the continent of Africa was held in Gaborone, Botswana on 24 November 2012.  The event was initiated by Rainbow Identity Association (RIA). The march hosted various trans and intersex activists from other African countries.

  • December 2012

    Trans Man Makes History as Participant of Mr Leather Contest, South Africa

    A trans man made history in December 2012 when he participated in the third South African Mr. Leather contest. He came out as trans while on stage during his speech. At the time of the contest, SA Leather’s constitution stipulated that only cisgender and gay or bisexual men were allowed to participate. Subsequently, SA Leather …

    Trans Man Makes History as Participant of Mr Leather Contest, South Africa Read More »

  • December 2012

    Second International Intersex Forum

    The International Intersex Forum had its second gathering in Stockholm, Sweden December 2012. As with the first Forum in 2011, intersex activists from all continents attended. The previous Forum’s 3 principles were expanded to 7 and read as follows: Another outcome of the Forum was the open letter that was drafted by Hilda Viloria, the …

    Second International Intersex Forum Read More »

  • 2013

    2013 – Trans Bantu Zambia Self-Publish First Trans Short Story Book In Zambia

    We Exist, published by Trans Bantu Zambia in 2013, is a self-publication that serves as a powerful platform to give voice to the often marginalized and overlooked transgender community in Zambia. Through a collection of 21 short stories and poems, the book seeks to recognize and validate the existence of trans community members in Zambia. …

    2013 – Trans Bantu Zambia Self-Publish First Trans Short Story Book In Zambia Read More »

  • March 2013

    Trans Woman Files Case at High Court, Kenya

    In March 2013 Audrey Mbugua, a trans woman, filed a case (JR Case No. 147 of 2013) at Kenya’s High Court to compel the Kenya National Examination Council (KNEC) to change the name on her high school diploma. She also sought the removal of the male sex marker on her certificate.

  • 2013

    Founding of  Tanzania Trans Initiative (TTI), Tanzania

    Tanzania Trans Initiative (TTI) was founded as a non-governmental organisation (NGO)  in Tanzania in 2013.  The organisation is dedicated to the trans and gender-nonconforming (GNC) community as a whole, as well as trans and GNC sex workers, and the portion of the trans and GNC community living with HIV/AIDS. The focus of their work is …

    Founding of  Tanzania Trans Initiative (TTI), Tanzania Read More »

  • June 2013

    Victor Mukasa Granted Asylum Status in the U.S.

    Ugandan trans activist and leader, Victor Mukasa, with assistance from Immigration Equality, was granted asylum status in the United States on 27 June 2013 after fleeing Uganda due to fear of persecution for his gender identity.  Victor is often informally considered a pivotal role player in the trans movement in Africa. 

  • June 2013

    Non-Binary Street Performance by Neo Masinga in Nairobi, Kenya

    June 2013 – Neo Musangi, a Kenyan non-binary artist and activist, performed publicly in front of the building of the Kenia National Archives. The aim of the performance was intended to dismantle the gender binary and create awareness about non-binary identities. In a street performance, as citizens looked on, Neo Musangi took the audience through …

    Non-Binary Street Performance by Neo Masinga in Nairobi, Kenya Read More »

  • 14 June 2013

    High Court Upholds Trans Woman’s Human Rights Violation Petition

    On 14 June 2013, Kenya’s High Court upheld Batha Nthungi’s petition filed a year earlier, in which she declared that being stripped and physically assaulted by the Kenyan Police violated her human rights (A.N.N v Attorney General). The Court agreed that the stripping of her in the glare of the media was meant to humiliate …

    High Court Upholds Trans Woman’s Human Rights Violation Petition Read More »

  • 23 August 2013

    Transgender Education & Advocacy (TEA) Sues State of Kenya and NGO Coordination Board, Kenya

    On 23 August 2013 the board of Transgender Education & Advocacy (TEA), comprising 3 trans Kenyans – Audrey Mbugua, Maureen Muia, and Annet Jennifer – sued the Kenyan State and the NGO Coordination Board for refusing to register TEA as an NGO. The State and the Board opposed the case, indicating that they could not …

    Transgender Education & Advocacy (TEA) Sues State of Kenya and NGO Coordination Board, Kenya Read More »

December 2011201227 May 20126 June 2012June 20121 August 201231 August 2012September 2012October 201213 November 201224 November 2012December 2012December 20122013March 20132013June 2013June 201314 June 201323 August 2013

You can include information about your African Organisation

There are many African organisations and individuals who over the years have contributed in invaluable ways to the story of the Trans and Intersex Movement who is not yet included in our timeline.

We want to acknowledge and include all verifiable contributions.  

You can self-list your organisation by filling in your details: