Timeline of Events

History affecting and influencing the trans and intersex
movement in Africa

This timeline of the history of the trans and intersex movement in Africa emerged through the grassroots experiences and memories of the contributing African activists and organisations. It is often updated with new stories and the timeline is continually growing.

How to navigate the timeline

Categories are displayed alphabetically at the top of the timeline and can be used to filter the results to focus on the research theme chosen.

  • COMMUNITY – A person’s contribution, experience or accomplishment
  • DIASPORA – Experience or accomplishment from a trans or intersex person originally from Africa
  • INTERSEX – The entry only relates to the intersex movement or community
  • LGBTIQ – An event that also had an effect or influence on the trans and intersex movement
  • ORGANISATION – Contributions from African Organisations
  • TIME LINE STORIES – All the entries from all the categories
  • TRANS – The entry only relates to the trans movement or community

Gender categories have flag icons and colour groups to visually distinguish them from one another:

  • All
  • Community
  • Diaspora
  • Intersex
  • Legislation
  • LGBTIQ
  • Organisation
  • Trans
  • Trans & Intersex
  • Uncatogorised
  • 7 October 2013

    Trans Musician Named as UNAIDS Goodwill Ambassador, Angola

    Trans Angolan musician, Titica, was made a UNAIDS National Goodwill Ambassador on 7 October 2013.  Titica is a pioneer in a local music genre called ‘kuduro’, and even performed for the Angolan President at the time, José Eduardo dos Santos. Her appointment as UNAIDS Goodwill Ambassador came at a time when many acknowledged that Angola …

    Trans Musician Named as UNAIDS Goodwill Ambassador, Angola Read More »

  • 1 December 2013

    Third International Intersex Forum

    The Third International Intersex Forum took place in Valletta, Malta and concluded on 1 December 2013. With the initial 3 principles decided on at the first Forum, and then extended during the second Forum, the ongoing work document evolved into the Malta Declaration at this third Forum.  The Malta Declaration was drafted and finalised by …

    Third International Intersex Forum Read More »

  • 2014

    The Transgender Network of Liberia (TNOL) Founded, Liberia

    The Transgender Network of Liberia (TNOL) was founded by Karishma Richards-Kwofie in 2014. The organisation was initially under the umbrella of Stop AIDS in Liberia (SAIL). When TNOL sought registration status as a legal entity in order to rent office space, open a bank account, and apply for funding at the Liberia Business Registry, their …

    The Transgender Network of Liberia (TNOL) Founded, Liberia Read More »

  • January 2014

    Rikki Nathanson, a Trans woman, sues police and others, Zimbabwe

    January 2014 – Rikki Nathanson, a Zimbabwean trans woman, was detained by police after Farai Mteliso, a Zanu-PF Youth League member, performed a citizen’s arrest on her. She was arrested for being a ‘criminal nuisance’ because she visited a bar in Bulawayo, dressed as a woman, and allegedly used the bathroom reserved for female patrons. …

    Rikki Nathanson, a Trans woman, sues police and others, Zimbabwe Read More »

  • Januarie 2014
    Rikki Nathanson

    Rikki Nathanson, a Trans woman, sues police and others, Zimbabwe

    Rikki Nathanson, a Trans woman, sues police and others, Zimbabwe January 2014 – Rikki Nathanson, a Zimbabwean trans woman and modelling agency director was detained by police* after Farai Mteliso, a Zanu-PF Youth League leader, performed a citizen’s arrest on her. She was arrested for being a ‘criminal nuisance’ because she visited a bar in …

    Rikki Nathanson, a Trans woman, sues police and others, Zimbabwe Read More »

  • 14 February 2014

    Death of Sally Gross, South Africa

    Prominent anti-Apartheid and intersex activist, Sally Gross, passed away on 14 February 2014.  Her last communication had been with prominent New Zealand-based intersex activist, Mani Bruce Mitchell, a friend who had posted a GoFundMe appeal for help on Gross’s behalf in January of the same year.  Sally’s founding of and work as part of Intersex …

    Death of Sally Gross, South Africa Read More »

  • 14 February 2014

    The passing of the Anti-Homosexuality Bill, Uganda

    The Ugandan parliament passed the Anti-Homosexuality Bill into law on 14 February 2014. The Bill criminalised any sexual acts and relations between people of the same sex. The maximum sentence for such offences would be the death penalty or life imprisonment. In the few years leading to the signing of the Bill into law, although the language used …

    The passing of the Anti-Homosexuality Bill, Uganda Read More »

  • 20 March 2014

    Trans Activist from Uganda Granted Asylum in the U.S

    Nikilas (Nikki) Mawanda, a trans man and activist from Uganda and founder of an NGO in the country*,  was granted LGBTIQ+ asylum status in the U.S. on 20 March 2014. It was months after fleeing his home in Uganda due to the state-sanctioned violence of the Anti-Homosexuality Bill, which was passed by the Ugandan parliament …

    Trans Activist from Uganda Granted Asylum in the U.S Read More »

  • 31 May 2014

    2nd Trans Health, Research and Advocacy Conference, South Africa

    Trans and Intersex Africa (TIA), Social, Health and Empowerment Feminist Collective of Transgender and Intersex Women of Africa (S.H.E), and Gender DynamiX (GDX) hosted the 2nd Trans Health, Research and Advocacy Conference in Cape Town, South Africa between 31 May and 2 June 2014. This was the largest conference in the series to date and …

    2nd Trans Health, Research and Advocacy Conference, South Africa Read More »

  • June 2014

    Sumaya Dalmar, the first known Trans Woman in Somalia

    June 2014 – Somalian-born Canadian photographer, Abdi Osman, held an exhibition named ‘Labeeb’ at the University of Saskatchewan in Canada.  The project features large photographs and a short double-projection video of Sumaya Dalmar, a trans woman originally from Somalia. The double projection, which shows two videos playing simultaneously, underscores the artist’s attempt to engage with …

    Sumaya Dalmar, the first known Trans Woman in Somalia Read More »

  • July 2014

    Declaration on Gender Incongruence of Childhood (GIC), South Africa

    The Cape Town Declaration on Gender Incongruence of Childhood (GIC) was publicly released, requesting the removal of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) International Classification of Diseases (ICD) diagnoses that pathologise gender diversity in children and youth. The Declaration was issued by a working group of 40 delegates from 11 countries who met on 2 June 2014 …

    Declaration on Gender Incongruence of Childhood (GIC), South Africa Read More »

  • July 2014

     Gender DynamiX (GDX) Founder, Liesl Theron Steps Down

    Liesl Theron stepped down as the Director of Gender Dynamix (GDX). She was succeeded by Sibusiso Kheswa. 

  • July 2014

    Sex in Transition Launched, South Africa

    The publication, Sex in Transition: Remaking of Gender and Race in South Africa, by Professor Amanda Lock Swarr takes the reader through the Apartheid times of South Africa, and how the lives of those who lived across or in between the gender binary system were impacted. It also explores how people from different races in …

    Sex in Transition Launched, South Africa Read More »

  • 10 July 2014

    Transgender Education & Advocacy (TEA) Files Civil Application for Judicial Review of Medical Guidelines for Trans People, Kenya 

    Transgender Education & Advocacy (TEA) filed a judicial review application to the Kenyan High Court on 10 July 2014 seeking an order to compel the Kenya Medical Practitioners and Dentist Board, and the Ministry of Health to develop medical guidelines for the treatment of trans persons.

  • 23 July 2014

    Landmark Victory in High Court for Transgender Education & Advocacy (TEA), Kenya

    In a historic court battle initiated in 2013, Transgender Education and Advocacy (TEA) won a landmark case in Kenya’s High Court on 23 July 2014. After being denied the right to register as an NGO, the organisation sued the Kenyan NGO Coordination Board for discrimination and violation of their fundamental human rights. In his ruling, …

    Landmark Victory in High Court for Transgender Education & Advocacy (TEA), Kenya Read More »

  • August 2014

     African Trans Feminist Charter Drafted

    Trans women from 14 African countries including Botswana, Kenya, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe came together at a meeting in Johannesburg, South Africa to discuss a shared envisioning of the feminist movement and its politics. An outcome of this meeting was the African Trans Feminist Charter.

  • August 2014

    Gender Dynamix (GDX) C-Submit Bid to Host the 2018 WPATH Conference

    In August 2014 Gender DynamiX (GDX) and Cape Town’s Groote Schuur Hospital’s Multidisciplinary Transgender Clinic collaborated in their efforts to submit a bid to the World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH) to host the 2018 WPATH international conference.  South Africa’s GDX was the first African organisation to become a member of WPATH in 2007.

  • 1 August 2014

    Constitutional Court Dismisses the Anti-Homosexuality Bill, Uganda

    On 1 August 2014, the Uganda constitutional court dismissed the Anti-Homosexuality Bill, which had caused controversy both in Uganda and across the world.   The court ruled that the Anti-Homosexuality Bill was null and void, citing procedural irregularities during its passage and asserting the vote cast on the Bill in Parliament technically lacked the necessary quorum to have …

    Constitutional Court Dismisses the Anti-Homosexuality Bill, Uganda Read More »

  • 7 August 2014

    Gender Dynamix (GDX) Resigns from Transitioning Africa

    As a result of an organisational strategic planning meeting, Gender Dynamix (GDX) resigned from Transitioning Africa (TA) on 7 August 2014. Not long thereafter, Transitioning Africa dissolved. 

  • 7 October 2014

    High Court Orders Removal of Gender Marks and Name Change in Academic Certificates, Kenya

    Kenya’s High Court issued a ruling compelling the Kenya National Examinations Council (KNEC) to issue Audrey Mbugua with a new certification with her new name and without a gender mark after she filed a case in March 2013 through the Transgender and Education Advocacy (TEA).   The Court observed that “Human dignity is that intangible element …

    High Court Orders Removal of Gender Marks and Name Change in Academic Certificates, Kenya Read More »

7 October 20131 December 20132014January 2014Januarie 201414 February 201414 February 201420 March 201431 May 2014June 2014July 2014July 2014July 201410 July 201423 July 2014August 2014August 20141 August 20147 August 20147 October 2014

You can include information about your African Organisation

There are many African organisations and individuals who over the years have contributed in invaluable ways to the story of the Trans and Intersex Movement who is not yet included in our timeline.

We want to acknowledge and include all verifiable contributions.  

You can self-list your organisation by filling in your details: