Timeline of Events

History affecting and influencing the trans and intersex
movement in Africa

This timeline of the history of the trans and intersex movement in Africa emerged through the grassroots experiences and memories of the contributing African activists and organisations. It is often updated with new stories and the timeline is continually growing.

How to navigate the timeline

Categories are displayed alphabetically at the top of the timeline and can be used to filter the results to focus on the research theme chosen.

  • COMMUNITY – A person’s contribution, experience or accomplishment
  • DIASPORA – Experience or accomplishment from a trans or intersex person originally from Africa
  • INTERSEX – The entry only relates to the intersex movement or community
  • LGBTIQ – An event that also had an effect or influence on the trans and intersex movement
  • ORGANISATION – Contributions from African Organisations
  • TIME LINE STORIES – All the entries from all the categories
  • TRANS – The entry only relates to the trans movement or community

Gender categories have flag icons and colour groups to visually distinguish them from one another:

  • All
  • Community
  • Diaspora
  • Intersex
  • Legislation
  • LGBTIQ
  • Organisation
  • Trans
  • Trans & Intersex
  • Uncatogorised
  • 2015 – Trans* Research, Education, Advocacy & Training [TREAT] Founded, Zimbabwe

    After the incident that Rikki Nathanson experienced in 2014 in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe was arrested under charges such as criminal nuisance for using the “wrong” bathrooms – she realized a huge gap due to the general public’s ignorance and miseducation about gender, transgender and gender diverse people.  Founded by Rikki Nathanson, The Trans* Research, Education, advocacy …

    2015 – Trans* Research, Education, Advocacy & Training [TREAT] Founded, Zimbabwe Read More »

  • 4 February 2015

    High Court Rejects TEA’s Petition Against Medical Board, Kenya

    The High Court dismissed Transgender Education & Advocacy (TEA)’s case, filed in July 2014, calling it premature, as the medical board had formed a task force to advise the Ministry of Health on the development of guidelines on the management of “transsexualism”. TEA was ordered to pay the state’s legal fees.

  • 2015

    Trans Activist Movement of Namibia Changes its Name to TIAMON, Namibia

    The Trans Activist Movement of Namibia, which operated as a trans desk under Out-Right Namibia (ORN), had a leadership change in 2015, and with the new director, Deyoncé Naris, it became fully independent from ORN and was registered as the Trans Intersex Androgynous Movement of Namibia (TIAMON). TIAMON does advocacy and lobbying for trans rights. 

  • August 2015

    Trans Wellness Project Founded, South Africa

    Protea Psychosocial Support Project for Transgender People (PPSTP) was officially registered in August 2015. It would change its name to the Trans Wellness Project (TWP) in 2016 during its first Strategic Planning session, which included board and community members. Formed by former Gender DynamiX (GDX) staff member, Whitney Quanita Booysen, TWP focuses on trans and …

    Trans Wellness Project Founded, South Africa Read More »

  • August 2015 – An Intersex Report is Launched in East Africa

    Intersex genital Mutilation (IGM) and Female Genital Mutilation (FGM): Both a form of societal control In August 2015, a report on violations to children and people born intersex or with differences of sex development was launched in an East African country airing the most revolting abuses and violations that intersex people experience.  The highlight of …

    August 2015 – An Intersex Report is Launched in East Africa Read More »

  • October 2015

    Founding of Wings to Transcend Namibia (WTTN),  Namibia

    Jholerina  B Timbo founded Wings to Transcend Namibia (WTTN) in October 2015. The organisation’s mission reads: “Wings To Transcend Namibia will be a champion and pioneer that works for social reform, legal gender recognition, and medical justice, through leadership development and empowering of transgender individuals and communities while lobbying local government, civil society and policymakers …

    Founding of Wings to Transcend Namibia (WTTN),  Namibia Read More »

  • October 2015

    State Sued for Refusal to Change Names on Identity Cards, Kenya

    Five transgender Kenyans sued the State of Kenya in October 2015 for refusing to process the change of names on their national identity cards. The state had processed their new passports but refused to do the same for their national identity cards. Some of these applications had been made in 2010.

  • April 2016 – Synergy Trans Benin Founded, Benin

    April 2016 – Synergy Trans* Benin was established as the first national organisation in Benin, intervening for the rights and development of trans people in the country. They are campaigning to increase the visibility of the needs and realities experienced in Black communities of French-Africa ( – Francophone Africa). The Executive Director for Synergy Trans* …

    April 2016 – Synergy Trans Benin Founded, Benin Read More »

  • 2016

    Publication of “Ending Pathological Practices Against Trans and Intersex Bodies in Africa”

    South Africa’s Iranti, as well as the Global Action for Trans Equality (GATE), Asia Pacific Transgender Network (APTN), Stop Trans Pathologization 2012 (STP) (PDF) team, and Transgender Europe (TGEU), hosted a workshop to share knowledge and learning and to form advocacy strategies against the pathologisation of trans and intersex people in Africa based on the …

    Publication of “Ending Pathological Practices Against Trans and Intersex Bodies in Africa” Read More »

  • jULY 2016

    July 2016 – Founding of East Africa Trans Health And Advocacy Network (EATHAN)

    July 2016 – The East Africa Trans Health and Advocacy Network (EATHAN) was formed as a network of trans-diverse activists & organisations in East Africa working to improve the livelihoods of gender-diverse persons in East Africa. Member organisations represent 25 activist and trans community organisations across Tanzania, Burundi, Uganda, Rwanda and Kenya. EATHAN’s mission is …

    July 2016 – Founding of East Africa Trans Health And Advocacy Network (EATHAN) Read More »

  • September 2016

    Parliamentarian Push for Third Gender, Kenya

    Isaac Mwaura, a Kenyan Parliamentarian, wanted the Kenyan Parliament to pass the option of a third gender in order to legally recognise intersex people. Photo: BBC

  • January 2018

    2018 – Groupe d’action féministe Maroc (GAFM), Founded – Morocco

    Groupe d’action féministe Moroc (GAFM) was founded in 2018, aspiring to work to eliminate gender expression-based violence through an intersectional and feminist self-defence method. The group is led by trans, non-binary people and is community-specific. GAFM aims to promote feminist self-defence as a means of emancipation through sharing information, establishing contact, creating actions and exchanging …

    2018 – Groupe d’action féministe Maroc (GAFM), Founded – Morocco Read More »

  • 1919/0606/19191919
    Birth of the African Intersex Movement Network

    June 2019 – The birth of the African Intersex Movement (AIM), Kenya

    In 2019, a historic moment unfolded as 21 African Intersex human rights defenders from across the African continent convened in Kenya under the theme “Visibility…. Voice…. Freedom”, from the 19th to the 21st of June to establish the African Intersex Movement (AIM). The landmark initiative aimed at sharing information, skills and resources while advancing the …

    June 2019 – The birth of the African Intersex Movement (AIM), Kenya Read More »

  • 20 December 2019

    20 December 2019 – Initiative Of Trans With A Mission-Uganda (ITWAM) Founded, Uganda

    The Initiative of Trans with a Mission-Uganda (ITWAM) was founded by Gafidyn Rae Wesonga and a few other members of the trans community on 20 December 2019 (names withheld for safety reasons). They’re a rural, indigenous, non-hierarchical, trans-feminist, youth-led community-based organization. ITWAM’s primary focus areas include: ITWAM works towards advancing equity, equality, and the quality …

    20 December 2019 – Initiative Of Trans With A Mission-Uganda (ITWAM) Founded, Uganda Read More »

4 February 20152015August 2015October 2015October 20152016jULY 2016September 2016January 20181919/0606/1919191920 December 2019

You can include information about your African Organisation

There are many African organisations and individuals who over the years have contributed in invaluable ways to the story of the Trans and Intersex Movement who is not yet included in our timeline.

We want to acknowledge and include all verifiable contributions.  

You can self-list your organisation by filling in your details: